In addition, the application of self-report practice for presenting sexual information was another limitation of this study, as this practice does not allow the subjects to express their attitudes, values, and beliefs; so, future studies should include other forms of assessment. Third, participants were drawn from a small area with a specific culture, potentially limiting generalizability. Therefore, it may be beneficial to consider the results in other populations. Another limitation is related to some of the instruments used in this research for measuring marital and sexual satisfaction due to the multiplicity of questionnaires.
However, the validity of these instruments was confirmed. However, exploring many possible determinants and predictors of sexual assertiveness, an important component to sexual relationships and attention to the concept of sexual assertiveness in spouses are among the strengths of this study. In general, the findings of this study support the claim that sexual assertiveness in childbearing age women does not follow gender roles, and the majority of women have low sexual assertiveness under the dominant structure of the society, regardless of their sexual identity.
Lack of relationship between gender roles and sexual assertiveness in women may imply its greater dependence on other factors than gender role. Therefore, marriage and family advisors and therapists should look for factors affecting sexual assertiveness in women as an important component of marital satisfaction. However, due to the fact that this model will be able to predict a small percentage of the sexual assertiveness variance, furthers studies are required to detect other factors effective on sexual assertiveness.
The present article was extracted from the Research project and was financially supported by Mashhad University of Medical Sciences grants No Hereby, we thank the Deputy for research of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences for financial support. Additionally the researchers would like to express their gratitude to all the participants who were involved in this study and staff of Mashhad Health Centers. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.
Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3. Femininity, Masculinity, Gender identity, Sexual behavior. The sample size was estimated as participants according to a pilot study using the following formula: Data Collection Tools Demographic and marital characteristics questionnaire contained the following items: Ethical Considerations It should be mentioned that prior to the study, an approval was obtained from the Ethics Committee of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences code: Table 1 Background characteristics among studied women.
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Table 2 The Correlation Matrix of background characteristics, gender role and sexual assertiveness. Variables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 Age 2 Length of marriage 0. Table 3 Linear Regression Analysis predicting Sexual assertiveness with femininity and masculinity scores and covariates. Variables Step 1 Step 2 Beta Std.
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Error P Beta Std. Error P Length of marriage The sense of satisfaction with sexual relationship may lead to a commitment that is a better predictor of sexual assertiveness as compared to gender attitudes Yet, the variables investigated in this study were only capable of predicting a quarter of the variance of sexual assertiveness in women. C ONCLUSION In general, the findings of this study support the claim that sexual assertiveness in childbearing age women does not follow gender roles, and the majority of women have low sexual assertiveness under the dominant structure of the society, regardless of their sexual identity.
Surveying the relationship between adult attachment style to parents with female sexual function. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health. Assertiveness, sex-role stereotyping, and self-concept. The Journal of Psychology.
Gender Role Identity and Dating Behavior: What Is the Relationship?
Sexual self-concept and sexual self-efficacy in adolescents: A possible clue to promoting sexual health? Journal of Sex Research. The impact of gender, personality and sexual motives on sexual behavior-especially risky sexual behavior. The effect of feminist group sex therapy on sexual assessrtiveness of educated women. Journal of Psychology Tabriz University ; 5: Influence of sex and gender-role on safe-sex behaviours. Glob J Sex Educ. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. Chestnut Hill College; Predictors of sexual assertiveness: Archives of Sexual Behavior.
Predictors of sexual assertiveness in women: A comparative study of women during different life-stages [Thesis] North Dakota: University of North Dakota; The myth of female sexual dysfunction and its medicalization. Bem Sex Role Inventory vs. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology.
Hejazi E, Rezadoost Z. Women and Society Quarterly. Victim and resister reactions to assaultive rape. Journal of Community Psychology. Heterosexual dating discourses among college students: Is there still a double standard? Journal of College Student Psychotherapy. Insights from Attachment Theory.
Psychology of Women Quarterly. The measurement of psychological androgyny. Hostile sexism was mediated only between the masculine personality trait and benevolent sexism. The present findings expand the literature on sex role orientation by revealing evidence that masculine and feminine individuals experience ambivalent sexism distinctively. The results are discussed in terms of the assumptions of sex role orientation, ambivalent sexism, and gender stereotypes. So, by having both masculine traits, which might have aided to share a good time, and feminine traits, which might have smoothed the progress of intimacy, androgynous individuals might have made possible the most satisfying relationships for their partners in the present study.
The purpose of the present study is to examine the relationship between the sex role orientation and the relationship satisfaction in Turkish dating couples. The results indicated that while perceived sex role orientation of the partners was related to relationship satisfaction, actual sex role orientation of the partner was not related. That is, individuals who perceived their partners as androgynous reported higher levels of relationship satisfaction than the other perceived sex role classifications.
The results were discussed in terms of earlier studies, sample characteristics and bias in close relationships. However, " non-sextypical " couples and couples with one non-sex-typical member were found to have more satisfying and committed relationships over a six-month period than sex-typical couples.follow site
Gender role identity and dating behavior: What is the relationship?
The relationship between gender identity and dating behavior was explored by DeLucia using the Bem Sex Role Inventory and an index of dating behaviors derived from self-reports of undergraduates' dating experiences. Specific masculine behaviors included: Has Dating Become More Egalitarian? In this selective review, we examined research on heterosexual dating published in Sex Roles since its inception to determine if dating practices have become more egalitarian over the past 35years.
An analysis of current best-selling dating advice books suggests that gender roles continue to be institutionalized in cultural scripts. A sexual scripts framework was used to categorize research findings to determine if the empirical evidence confirmed the durability of gender roles over time or revealed that dating has become less gender-typed.
Research in Sex Roles suggests that heterosexual dating among young adults in the U. Some variability was observed in interpersonal scripts in terms of occasional initiation of dates by women, for instance, but was not sufficiently widely used to challenge the dominant script. Functional reasons for the persistence of gender stereotypes in dating are presented.
In addition, a friendship script is proposed as an alternative, egalitarian model of dating that might fulfill the same functions. The research group consisted of final year students selected at random and receiving high school education in the province of Trabzon, Turkey in the — academic years. Results showed that career decision making efficacy was significantly correlated with the secure and fearful and attachment styles, and career decision making self-efficacy varied according to gender roles.
Subjects with masculine and feminine gender roles had greater career decision making self-efficacy than those with indeterminate roles, and those with androgynous roles had greater career making self-efficacy than those with masculine, feminine or indeterminate gender roles. The authors explored the relationship of gender, gender role identity, and type of relationship—same-sex friendship, cross-sex friendship, or romantic relationship—to relationship behaviors and beliefs among college students.
They discuss implications for individual and group counseling, consultation, and primary prevention on college campuses. Comment se fait le choix du partenaire aujourd'hui? Jan Comm Educ. For each instrument, a summary description is presented variable[s] measured, sample items, and scoring suggestions are offered for classroom exercises and discussion; and information is provided on where the instrument may be located.
The paper concludes with a number of recommendations and cautions regarding the use of measures as educational tools.
Gender role identity and dating behavior what is the relationship
Gender socialization within the family: The relationship of self-monitored dating behaviors to level of feminist identity on the Feminist Identity Scale. The feminist identity scale FIS has been used to assess level of feminist identity development in women. This study examined the relationship between dating behaviors and FIS level in college-aged students, as an attempt to further validate the FIS as a measure of the feminist identity concept. Dating behaviors displayed by women at different FIS levels were consistent with differing gender role behaviors hypothesized to accompany feminist identity development.
Changes in masculine and feminine traits over time: The effect size for sex differences on the BSRI-M has also changed over time, showing a significant decrease over the twenty-year period.
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Type A behavior pattern, sex role orientation, and psychological adjustment. Investigated whether Type A coronary-prone behavior patterns interfere with successful interpersonal functioning among persons who lack a highly masculine sex-role orientation. Results support the hypothesis in that the combination of a Type A behavioral style and a sex-role orientation low in masculinity were associated with low social self-esteem, high social anxiety, and depression.
A behavioral questionnaire was used to generate two self-report behavioral indexes: Results indicated that high-masculine individuals androgynous and masculine individuals scored higher on the masculine dating behavior index and that high-feminine individuals androgynous and feminine individuals Scored higher on the feminine interactional index.
The results of this study support the hypothesis that gender role identity influences self-reported dating behavior of college students. Copyright of Sex Roles is the property of Springer Nature and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission.